Beyond Mere Decentralization – Orthogonal Web | PLAN Systems

Beyond Mere Decentralization – Orthogonal Web
B.DWALL Plan is a new Operating System built on distributed computation and trust. Unlike legacy OS such as Windows or Linux, Plan OS eliminates the reliance on centralized storage or trusted 3rd parties. It overcomes legacy problems in defense and commerce.

Plan OS is the natural outcome of several disruptions:

1) peer-to-peer file sharing, pioneered by Napster in 1999

2) peer-to-peer trust, exemplified by Santoshi Nakamoto, in 2009

3) pervasive connectivity through 5G and Ultrawideband, in 2020

4) pervasive computation through smart devices (or IOT)

These disruptions have the potential in defense and commerce, which we’ll address shortly. They are all disruptions that appeared within this century. The problem is that legacy OS is built around a computation model that was developed in 1940’s. What’s needed is a greenfield effort to build an OS built upon the disruptions of today — of smart environments and distributed trust.


The new battlefield is the internet of things (IOT). Stuxnet ushered in a new era of attacks, which ranges from smart devices in your home to the national power grid. A new kind of OS is needed to insulate devices from bad actors.


We live and work in environments that are getting smarter. Architects are incorporating Building Information Modeling, or BIM, into their plans. Civil engineers are planning smart cities. Service companies are attaching information to spaces. Consumer companies are selling smart assistant devices. A new kinds of OS is needed to balance the needs of governance with privacy.

In the era of intelligent spaces, we need an OS that helps preserve the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.


There is an obvious need to build scalable resilience mechanisms into our social safety net. We no longer have the time or luxury to ignore the current gaps in privacy, accessibility, and collaboration. Now is the time to develop systems and tools specifically for communities in need, to provision for privacy and universal inclusion, and to put forward effective strategies for localized problem solving and communications.

– The ARPAnet, a Creation
– The Topologies of Decentralization
– Making Use of the Tools We Have
– Is ______ THE solution?
– Techno-Socratic Dialectic
– The Orthogonal Web
– Resource Mapping and the Consent of the Governed

If we follow the trends of innovation, the future of computing the starts to look like incredible immersive experiences powered by distant servers. However, powerful surveillance ready systems are becoming household items, while the infrastructure the internet was built on is still fundamentally insecure and incomplete.

With so many cutting edge technologies being developed, from “the cloud” and IoT, blockchains, to DLT, DHT, stacks, and DApps, it can be hard to keep track. Let’s take a step back for a second and ask the question, what even is decentralization. Why should anyone care about any of this at all? In this article we’ll go back in time to uncover the nuances of networks and explore concepts beyond mere decentralization.

The ARPAnet, a Creation
The Advanced Research Projects Agency’s Network
Recall from any other Internet History primer, that the ARPAnet (progenitor of the Internet) was funded and implemented so that U.S. war fighters could employ encrypted intranets and low-bandwidth communications (using TCP/IP) to better defend against a nuclear armed Soviet Union. It enabled decisive decision making by offering commanders near real-time information exchange and “command & control” (C2) systems. Due to its generalizable nature, the applications of this technology were endless.

Once trained and equipped, soldiers and sailors could quickly relay commands, orders of battle, time sensitive information, unit reports, and plan operations spanning many locations at once. Having additional interoperable “high-level” protocols meant that the kind of I/O link or a link’s security integrity was no longer critical because security and data packaging occurs in the layers above TCP. This made it trivial to deploy and secure networks given the hardware encryption devices that were available at the time. “The goal was to exploit new computer technologies to meet the needs of military command and control against nuclear threats, achieve survivable control of US nuclear forces, and improve military tactical and management decision making” (S. Lukasik, 2011).

“The goal was to exploit new computer technologies to meet the needs of military command and control against nuclear threats, achieve survivable control of US nuclear forces, and improve military tactical and management decision making.”


Ocean of Things (OoT) Advanced Data Analytics – DARPA
The idea of “centralized control, decentralized execution” began taking root in military doctrine once some of these foundational systems were in place. One of the ways this doctrine manifests to accomplish the stated goal is in the adoption of software and hardware tools and interfaces that are secure and easy (enough) to use even for the lowest ranking service-members, who at the time had likely never seen a computer. To this day, access is granted based on levels of trust and verification established by the National Security Act of 1947.

With network privacy built into these new systems using end-to-end hardware encryption, a new style of secure collaboration was made possible. With additional open protocols like HTTP and HTML by the early 90’s, the task of sharing critical information between many large organizations was made much more simple. Eventually, Intelink was born, a group of secure intranets that served as a hub of information for services, agencies, engineers, operators, and analysts. Anyone with the proper clearance to the network could access common tools & databases, locate source reporting, coordinate with experts in the field, or even read the President’s Daily Briefing.

The Topologies of Decentralization
Internet Relay Chat, or IRC, was one of the first widely deployed chat protocols that improved communications between commanders and field units using secure, multiplexed chat channels adaptable for any team (just ask Slack how awesome it is). U.S. armed forces use tools like IRC to this day in places like Afghanistan and Iraq to send and receive urgent messages such as 9-line medical evacuation (MEDEVAC) reports, troops in contact (TICs), resupply efforts, and to support quickly unfolding activities and decisions. IRC is just one example of a simple and flexible tool that’s highly effective, as long as you can implement and secure it.

From C2 to C5ISR – A long and historic journey of developing command, control, communications, computers, cyber, intelligence, surveillance, & reconeissance collection and sharing capabilities within a trust network.
“Decentralized execution is defined as the ‘delegation of authority to designated lower-level commanders’ and other tactical-level decision makers to achieve effective span of control and to foster disciplined initiative and tactical flexibility.”

HH-60’s in Flight | Joint Combat MEDEVAC
Afghanistan March 2007 Helmond Province Flooding
Tactical Operations Center running mIRC chat + radios
Dutch front-line air controllers at an emergency command post above the flooded Helmand River
GIS and AI Systems Assist with Fighting Wildfires
CA. Firefighters Help Australia Battle Bush Fires
Whether operating in a remote environment or fully connected to peers, it’s imperative that mission oriented operators need tools that help better understand the environment; this is especially true when peoples lives are at stake.
It’s important to identify, there are different contexts in which decentralization can arise, from an organization decision making perspective, the physical infrastructure of a network, to a software’s architecture implementation. All that to say, terms like “decentralization” and “distributed” actually aren’t that helpful without also having all the appropriate context of how the systems are put into practice.

It is now common practice for software companies to require users to give up vital private data, devise lock-in tactics, or require the internet to even function, while also being black boxes of present and future risk. Although “cloud” technologies make using and sharing information vastly easier for end users, there are still major privacy and accessibility gaps – especially from a social inclusion standpoint. For example, where are the open protocols and adaptive interfaces that enable spatial navigation for the blind and those with limited mobility? How can businesses, cities, and communities better serve people with disabilities using open protocols, information visualization, and data sharing? What happens when the internet or power goes out?

Even some of the most widely recognized “decentralized” infrastructures are not as decentralized as they appear (ref: Bitcoin & original research by Cornell); additionally, they can require highly restrictive licenses and maintain proprietary elements that require buy-in on others’ business or governance model. The questions I always like to ask are, who owns the data, who can access that data, and where does it reside? Identifying this pattern can be the first step in trying to decide where you or your community fits into all of this confusion progress. 

For an introductory understanding to the subtle differences between decentralization and distributed systems, check out Julia Poenitzsch’s article What’s the difference between Decentralized and Distributed? And how does this relate to Private vs. Public blockchains?, published on Medium, Oct 3, 2018. “There are degrees of decentralization and distribution, rather than hard divisions. How much decentralization or distribution is desirable then depends on your objectives.”

Decentralized vs Distributed – The Basics
Making Use of the Tools We Have
It is no coincidence that tools with profound utility are also broadly applicable to people everywhere, whether in business, emergency response, or “going off to college”. Today more than ever before, the importance of being able to connect and transact easily, dependably, and securely is paramount, whether or not it’s obvious. Both the military intelligence community (MIC) and the Silicon Valley behemoths were created on the backbone of open source initiatives like Linux, TCP/IP, HTTP, and HTML protocols. How did so many people (the non-technical masses) miss out on owning and employing these tools directly?

Unfortunately, it has become all too easy to rely on a handful of platform gatekeepers. The technology field has been dominated by companies like MSFT, APPL, GOOG, AMZN (etc.), with device-specific operating systems, cloud-services, apps, and web browsers as the de facto standard. But with the rise of powerful open software languages, distributed computing, and 3D graphics, the equation is rapidly changing. Major development efforts are underway in this nascent space, including projects like Holochain, Polkadot, EOS, Hyperledger Indy, and many others.

However, I think it’s pertinent to keep in mind that the infrastructure that you decide to use is part of a much larger integration puzzle. It’s also important to make these infrastructure and data tools meta-data secure, and usable (e.g. with an interface) by communities and their members for building additional resilient networks, with flexibility to centralize or decentralize depending on the needs of the network.

Is ______ THE solution?
Projects like Holochain, DAT, and Substrate have emerged as open and flexible distributed infrastructure software, offering a decisive advantage over proprietary / closed technologies. Holochain provides infrastructure for developers to build apps on their peer-to-peer “DHT” layer called a distributed hash table. Like PLAN, Holochain features a private instancing model, meaning that any group or community can use it without becoming otherwise dependent on other people, groups, or organizations.

In contrast, many distributed technologies ultimately keep a proprietary element behind lock and key, a paywall, or entwined with a digital currency. It’s important to point out that while PLAN is designed to be self-contained, it can also integrate with other existing DLT / Blockchain layers that are compatible with our architecture and Design Principles. PLAN is a kind of technology glue that brings the components of a system all together, including infrastructure, a complete security data-model, and interfaces that are required for non-technical users to participate (UI/UX).


Holochain = Distributed P2P Infrastructure

PLAN = Integrated Platform with Pluggable Components

A component based approach works well for PLAN because it allows the end user to choose a configuration for their local needs, whether on or off-grid. As we’ve seen in many blockchain-specific architectures, what happens when the community’s needs outstrip the conceptual models imposed by the distributed infrastructure layer? What happens when the models used at the distributed infrastructure layer are inherently too much complexity for community end users? And regardless if we all agree on how pluggable the bottom-most infrastructure layer should be, what about usability? If there hasn’t been an intentional vision or plan about a device operating system AND infrastructure-agnostic user experience, then how far along are we really? As an example:
With these barriers to entry in mind, there is still the task of building usable interfaces and maintaining integration for all the different OS’s, platforms, and browsers that are out there. Given that they all come with dependencies and layers of complexity, which ones do you target? While having dependencies is generally acceptable when deriving value from a particular network or specific kinds of applications, it’s just not practical to assume app developers will ensure critical communications infrastructure is usable, private, and universally accessible. This is especially true when the demand to capture that data is so high.

If there hasn’t been an intentional vision or plan about a device operating system AND infrastructure-agnostic user experience, then how far along are we really?

AI is Helping Fight Wildfires Before They Start — Time Magazine -> But what kind of tools do these communities have?
Techno-Socratic Dialectic
Is it realistic that all communities will forever rely on a particular solution as the ideal for managing critical privacy needs, connectivity, identity, value exchange, or trust? What is the cost of finding out the hard way? Do we just discard the principle that a key part of this tech is that communities choose the right components best for their needs? A team of journalists doing a high-risk expose are correct to demand a peer-to-peer storage layer that will have rather different security and performance trade-offs than say, a community healing center, a city block organizing a weekly flea market, or a crafting guild with accessibility needs for seniors and people with disabilities.

Why Not “Decentralization”?

It connotes a process to disrupt the status quo… but suggests no vision of a better thing to replace it with.

It suggests a topological fix… but are our true problems merely topological?

So what’s next for “decentralization”? Is it going out of style before it even got popular? I would say yes, hopefully for all of our sake. There is actually a much more nuanced and actionable approach available than mere decentralization. While there is no common parlance that I can reference to provide an immediately satisfying understanding, I will refer to this approach as The Orthogonal Web, a concept coined and articulated by Peter Wang, CEO of Anaconda, during a lightning talk at DecentralizedWeb (DWeb) Camp 2019 (led and sponsored by the Internet Archive).

The Orthogonal Web
Peter points out there are “three critical elements of a communication and information system that need to be held orthogonal to each other”: Data | Transport | Identity. Key to understanding this Privacy Trinity is that “all three legs affect each other, but all three legs need to be put together in an orthogonal way … 90 degrees from each other so they can not be used to capture the other.”

For example, if you are sending a sensitive email using a transport method that relies on Gmail infrastructure, which retains part or all of your message on their servers, the identity and content of the message is tacitly exposed to Google, and by extension any one else that is able to gain access to those lines of communication. The key takeaway from Peter is that with any conventional infrastructure built on top of the Internet (aka ARPANet), that orthogonality does not exist.

Lightning Talk – Rethinking Decentralization As Orthogonality by Peter Wang, 10min

Isolated from
Identity & Transport

(data paths)

Isolated from
Data & Identity

User controlled
Centralized &
Decentralized trust chains

Isolated from
Data & Transport

Pillars of Information Integrity


Resource Mapping and the Consent of the Governed
There is an obvious need to build scalable resilience mechanisms into our social safety net. We no longer have the time or luxury to ignore the current gaps in privacy, accessibility, and collaboration. Now is the time to develop systems and tools specifically for communities in need, to provision for privacy and universal inclusion, and to put forward effective strategies for localized problem solving and communications.

Maps are the answer to a critical question: “What is in my environment?” The purpose driven idea that has carried over into PLAN is to create a robust information visualization platform that fosters resiliency of shared habitats and local relationships through collaborative mapping and exploration. For that to be possible, we need to completely rethink systems so that collaboration as well as privacy is built in by design.

Resource mapping is indeed one of the high utility applications that can be harnessed with spatially collaborative systems; however, who owns that data and where does it reside? People are right to hold skepticism of a system that is designed to, let’s say, track all the money, resources, or the infirmed. There’s a really important human aspect at the heart of the matter that is rarely talked about or acknowledged. Unless a consent relationship to be part of a data sharing community (or any community for that matter) is fostered, and an agreement that governs the span of control in such a system is fully articulated and checked, then all we’ve really accomplished is creating additional moral hazard to navigate.

Community-Centric Technology
Community-centric technology means that systems are not only designed for collaboration, but owned, implemented, and managed at the local community and individual level. To facilitate this shift from developer-centric software, we’re working on bringing together a technology stack that is modular and pluggable, including the encryption AND storage layers, extensible core functionality, all the way to the interfaces that make the functionality accessible to end
— Read on

About Power and Policy

Telecommunications was supposed to transform our country, providing free education to all and enlivening public debate over critical issues.
The truth however is that “the powers that be” have always seized control over new media.
This was true for radio shortly after radio broadcasting began and definitely with television.
When cable television made its debut it was thought that it would add diversity to the voices shared across the wires, but cable TV rapidly succumbed to the corporate elites and it’s promise was unfulfilled as cable companies merged into the monopoly entity that it is today.
But it didn’t need to be this way and it certainly doesn’t need to be this way now as politicians stand ready to deliver the Internet to their lobbyist pals on behalf of monopoly  corporate interests.
This is a fight worth fighting – we have won before and we are about to win again!

Gordon Fuller

About Indian Hemp and Bioremediation

hemp ad

Please feel free to share this information, this is the real deal and it’s happening now.

Joseph Hart is here on our islands to establish a seed farm to supply growers on the mainland and provide material for oil, animal feedstock, waste treatment and bioremediation here in Hawaii.

This plant has always been legal – exempted from the 1930 narcotics act because US government and military needed it. Today there are huge industrial clients for this product in the oil industry and it is used very successfully for cleaning up chemical and oil spills. For commercial production of seed for oil, this plant gets 7000 pounds per acre whereas cannabis yields only 3000 pounds per acre.

The Hardy Plant gross 30 feet in six months and goes through its full cycle at this 22° latitude.

This is why Joseph is here looking for land on Kauai to establish a seed farm. The previous location of the seed farm was in New Mexico but the drug cartels of made it impossible to continue to operate there. Joseph attended Mississippi State University and earned his degrees in agriculture and ‘Lien systems’ and has built the production lines which milled the material and his company   has a diverse product line and a huge inventory of products for all uses of hemp.

“Indian Hemp” is the true paper of the Constitution. It is what the Chinese are growing and use for all of their government printing in China. Interesting to note, US dollar currency is now being printed in China (why not produce it close to where it ends up I guess must be the thinking). I learned from Joseph that he yesterday received his report from the Hawaii Invasive Species Control Board giving Indian Hemp a greenlight and clean bill of health for being cultivated safely in Hawaii.

Please let anyone know that they can contact me and I will help them get any questions answered they may have about this cultivar and the role it may play in Hawaii’s agricultural future.

Gordon Fuller




About Social Entrepreneurs and the Social Plastic Movement

Today I like to ask you to join the Social Plastic Movement.

Nobody describes the mission and the goals of the Social Plastic Movement better than the founders David Katz and Shaun Frankson:

Our mission: Reveal Value in plastic waste &  people.

Our goal: The Plastic Bank is making plastic waste a currency where it is needed the most. Social Plastic helps improve the life of a disadvantaged person while preventing plastic waste from entering the oceans. As we demonstrate the growing demand for Social Plastic, we create a sustainable movement towards conscious consumerism & reduce the amount of new plastics that get created each year.

As consumers begin to demand the use of Social Plastic in the products they buy, the value of Social Plastic will increase. The more we can increase the value of Social Plastic world-wide, the less plastic will be discarded, and the more we can reward the people who need it the most.

Help us make plastic waste too valuable to throw away. This is the only sustainable way to prevent plastics from entering the ocean.

Eco-Friendly with a Social Impact. Social Plastic Reduces Poverty & Plastic Pollution by Making Plastic Waste a Currency.

The Plastic Bank is a social enterprise turning plastic waste into a currency that can be exchanged to help lift people out of poverty.

We provide a social impact in areas with high amounts of poverty and plastic pollution by setting up exchange and recycling centers.

We create a ladder of opportunity for the world’s poor by providing access to income, education and 3D printing services.

The exchange process for our recycled Social Plastic ™ improves the life of a person in need.

Our goal is to lead the movement towards global demand for the use of Social Plastic ™ in eco-friendly products. The higher the demand for Social Plastic ™, the greater the social impact towards helping the world’s poor.

Join our Social Plastic ™ movement to start making a positive social impact.



We are a Social Enterprise with a Triple Bottom Line Business Model. We Help Sustainable Brands Provide Ethical Products.

Social Plastic is a Global Movement.

In May 2013 our social enterprise made an impact with Social Plastic ™. This video shows our successful first year where we recycled ocean plastic to use it for 3D printing. Because of our eco-friendly printing material, we won the 2013 RCBC Innovation Award. The founder of The Plastic Bank, David Katz, was named 2013 EO Global Citizen of the Year. Over the last year The Plastic Bank and our Social Plastic ™ movement were featured in over 75 interviews from 25 countries.

We have been blessed with amazing volunteers to help our cause. Thank you for all your support.

We Have 3D Printed from Recycled Ocean Plastic.

We have 3D printed the world’s first item from recycled ocean plastic.  The plastic used came from the North Pacific Gyre. The plastic was removed from the ocean and shorelines of Alaska and BC. The goal of our plastics for change project was to create an eco-friendly 3D printing filament from recycled ocean debris.

Our goal is to empower the world’s poor with 3D printing. We are now one step closer to creating eco-friendly recycled plastic at every location. Our end in mind is to recycle all of the 3D printing materials we use. This will allow people to collect the raw materials to 3D print.

We Reveal Value in Plastic.

Our core value is to Reveal Value. Plastic is pound for pound more valuable than steel. Yet we see steel as a resource and plastic as waste. The world has already produced over 4 trillion pounds of plastic. Almost all of that plastic still exists today. All plastic can be recycled. There is no need to create new plastic. We must simply recycle the plastic that litters our planet.


We Stop Plastic Waste Before it Enters the Oceans.

Developing countries often lack the tax revenue for waste management. Plastic waste is dumped into the streets and pushed into ocean bound waterways. Our social enterprise is leading a global recycling movement. We are going after a common route cause of marine debris. With your help companies can switch from using virgin plastic to Social Plastic ™. The higher the demand, the higher the reward becomes for those that need it the most.


Poverty is a Man Made Problem.

Poverty is a man made problem that needs to be addressed. The world’s poor are no different than you or I. They are smart, creative and talented people. They are simply disadvantaged. Our goal is to ensure that anyone can go out and collect enough plastic waste to meet their most basic needs.

Eco-Friendly Social Impact Social Plastic

3D Printing is the Future.

3D printing will soon be as common as home computers. You can 3D print what you need, when you need it. Imagine printing a broken part in a town with no delivery service. Or a tool that is not for sale. Or a cast for child. Some items can be printed to increase ones standard of living. Others can be printed to sell to local shops.  A simple phone case uses just as much plastic as a spoon, yet sells for a much higher price.


Partner with Schools from Around the World.

We have partnered with schools in Canada, USA, Peru, and the Uk. Our goal is to get as many young minds as possible working on social good. We invite any school to reach out to see how we can work together.


We Work With Locals.

We do not assume that we know more than the locals in each area. Instead we seek out people who are already making a social impact. We identify local champions with a passion for change. These are the leaders who run The Plastic Bank.


Eco-Friendly with a Social Impact.

Social Plastic ™ helps to improve the life of a person in need. That is what makes it better than every day recycled plastic. We use the phrases eco-friendly & social impact with pride. Our recycled plastic uses much less carbon than new plastic. Our plastic was ocean bound. If not collected, it most likely would have ended up in the ocean. We are the first to admit that not every ethical product should be made of plastic. However, we think that Social Plastic ™ is the most eco-friendly plastic option possible. You vote with your purchases. Social Plastic ™  is a means for you to have social impact purchase power.


We are a Proud Triple Bottom Line Social Enterprise.

We are a proud social enterprise. We believe that business can be a force for social impact. We are not a charity. We are a revenue generating triple bottom line business. Our revenues come from the sale of our eco-friendly Social Plastic ™. They fuel our social impact. It’s how we make plastic waste a currency. Our goal is to inspire other social entrepreneurs and social enterprises around the world.


About Scott Cooper and the origins of IOS


Scott Cooper says he is a producer for It’s Our Story, well, that may be true but is hardly a description of the human being, the artist, the mad genius.
About to shake up the world with the fruit of his labor he has not only produced, directed, filmed and edited over 1300 voices of disability in 45 states and 128 cities but he composed and designed the archives to open a doorway through which members of the disability community can access history like never before. His art on famous people with impairments are paintings of history, beautiful, inspiring and meaningful, museum art of the air, representing a new renaissance of storytellers who have embraced rich media to enrich the human experience for others.